Actual Weight: The weight after weighing, including the Gross Weight (G.W.) and the Net Weight (N.W.). The most common Weight is Gross Weight.
Dimensions Weight/Volumetric Weight: Weight calculated by the volume of cargo according to certain conversion coefficient or calculation formula.
Chargeable Weight(C.W.): The weight to calculate freight charge or other incidental charges.
Its general calculation method of express delivery and air transportation:
Dimensions Weight = Length( cm)* width (cm)* height (cm)/6000,
This means the conversion coefficient of volume and weight is usually 1:167, that is, one cubic meter is about 167 kilograms.
Chargeable Weights = either Gross Weight or Dimensions Weight. Compare the Gross Weight and the Dimensions Weight, whichever is heavy is Chargeable Weight, also called Full Throwing Weight.
Chargeable Weight= (Gross Weight + Dimensions Weight)/2, also called Half Throwing Weight.
Chargeable Weight= Gross Weight (If the Dimensions Weight is no more than 20kg), also called Free Throwing Weight.
Generally, for heavy goods/deadweight cargo, the charge shall be based on the Gross Weight, while for light goods/bulky cargo, the charge shall be based on the Dimensions Weight.
For express delivery and air transportation, the goods that Dimensions Weight is heavier than Gross Weight are light goods/bulk cargo, such as cotton, that’s to say if the goods’ weight of per CBM is heavier than 166.67 kg, the goods are heavy goods/deadweight cargo.
Gross Weight: 15kg
Dimensions Weight: 50CM X 50CM X 48CM /6000 =20kg
If Full Throwing Weight: Chargeable Weight=20kg;
If Half Throwing Weight: Chargeable Weight=(15+20) / 2 = 17.5 kg=18kg;
If Free Throwing Weight: Chargeable Weight=15kg.
For sea transportation, its calculation is simple than air transportation, the LCL business in China basically divides heavy goods and light goods according to the standard of 1 cubic meter equals 1 ton. Among LCL, heavy goods are rare, and almost are all light goods, and the freight charge is calculated according to the volume.
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